July 2014



Kiran Musunuru Vaccination against heart attacks: Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) scientists collaborating with researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have developed a "genome-editing" approach for permanently reducing cholesterol levels in mice through a single injection, a development that could reduce the risk of heart attacks in humans by 40 to 90 percent. Read more ....

Electric eel 'Shocking' truth: Scientists have found how the electric fish evolved its jolt. Writing in the journal Science, a team of researchers led by Michael Sussman of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Harold Zakon of the University of Texas at Austin and Manoj Samanta of the Systemix Institute in Redmond, Washington identifies the regulatory molecules involved in the genetic and developmental pathways that electric fish have used to convert a simple muscle into an organ capable of generating a potent electrical field. Read more ....

Football Football physics: It happens every four years: The World Cup begins and some of the world's most skilled players carefully line up free kicks, take aim - and shoot way over the goal. The players are all trying to bend the ball into a top corner of the goal, often over a wall of defensive players and away from the reach of a lunging goalkeeper. Yet when such shots go awry in the World Cup, a blame game usually sets in. Players, fans, and pundits all suggest that the new official tournament ball, introduced every four years, is the cause. Read more .....

Penguins Warming and penguins: A study of how penguin populations have changed over the last 30,000 years has shown that between the last ice age and up to around 1,000 years ago penguin populations benefitted from climate warming and retreating ice. This suggests that recent declines in penguins may be because ice is now retreating too far or too fast. Read more ....

Football Splendid kick-off: On June 12, during the opening of the FIFA 2014 World Cup in Brazil, a paralyzed person wearing a brain-controlled robotic exoskeleton made the first kick of the football championship. For those who were watching the opening ceremony on television sets, it was a fleeting glimpse. Read more ....




3

I had thought there would be plenty of time to study while in the village. But the hopes were belied. Here, the days were spent in excursions and pleasure activities. Sometimes we went for boat rides, sometimes we went fishing and bird hunting, there were wrestling bouts to watch, or we simply sat down for a game of chess. There was a whole team of servants to attend upon us always - there was no need to move the limbs; only the tongue needed to be moved and the orders would be executed instantly. If we went to bathe there would be a servant ready with pails of water; if we lay down there would be a servant ready to pull at the fan!

I was respected by one and all for "being the scion of a princely family and a disciple of Mahatma Gandhi". Every care was taken to ensure that there was not the slightest delay in serving me meals or laying the bed at the right time. I had become much more tender than Ishwari, or was compelled to become so. Ishwari might spread out his bed with his own hands, but how could his princely guest do the same! That would cause a blot in his greatness.

This is exactly what happened one day. Ishwari was not in the room - he had, perhaps, gone to discuss certain things with his mother. It was already 10 pm, and my eyelids were drooping in sleep. But the bed was not laid. How could I spread it myself? I was the scion of a princely family! The servant came at around 11.30 pm; he had been busy with other household work and had quite forgotten about laying my bed. He came hurrying when he realised his folly. I gave him such a scolding that he must have remembered it for life. When Ishwari heard me reprimanding the servant he rushed to the room. "You did the right thing; this is the way to deal with these idiots," he said.

A similar incident occurred another day. Ishwari had been invited to dinner somewhere. It was evening but the lamp had not yet been lighted. The lamp was on the table, and the matchbox was by its side. I had never seen Ishwari lighting the lamp with his own hands; so, how could the worthy guest do so? I was getting annoyed; the newspaper lay on the table and I wanted to read it. But the lamp threw no light! Riyasat Ali, the clerk, happened to pass by the room and it is on him that I vented my anger. "You people don't have the courtesy to even light the lamp in the guest's room," I rebuked him. "I can't understand why laziness is tolerated here."

The dressing down unnerved the unfortunate man, and he lighted the lamp with trembling hands.

One man, a happy-go-lucky kind of a person, often visited Ishwari's house. He respected me because I was Mahatma Gandhi's follower, but hesitated to ask me questions openly. Finding me alone one day, he came up to me with folded hands and said, "Sir, you are Mahatma Gandhi's follower, aren't you? People say that after we gain freedom, the zamindari (landownership) system will be abolished."

Pretending to be well-informed I said, "Where is the need for zamindars to remain? What do they do other than suck the blood out of the poor?"

The man asked, "Sir, does that mean the land of the zamindars will be taken away from them?"

"Many will give away their lands willingly. But the lands of those who do not do so, will have to be seized. We are all ready for that day - once we gain freedom, we will distribute our lands among the tenant-farmers."

I was sitting with my feet on the chair; the man began massaging them. "These days the zamindars have become very despotic, sir. While distributing the lands in your jurisdiction, please allot me a piece as well; I will serve you well."

"Well, I have not been allotted any jurisdiction as of now, but when I am allotted one you are the first person I will summon. I will teach you to drive, and employ you as my chauffeur," I told him.

I heard that the man consumed a large quantity of "bhang" that day and beat his wife. He even challenged the village money-lender to a fight.

<<PREV NEXT>>



Some useful links for
your career:


  • Union Public Service Commission - www.upsc.gov.in
  • IIT-Kharagpur - www.iitkgp.ac.in
  • Indian Statistical Institute - www.isical.ac.in
  • Indian Institute of Technology Madras - www.iitm.ac.in
  • Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad - www.iimahd.ernet.in
  • Indian Institute of Mass Commission - www.iimc.nic.in
  • IIT Bombay - www.iitb.ac.in
  • Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad - www.ismdhanbad.ac.in
  • Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi - www.bitmesra.ac.in
  • Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training - www.cifnet.nic.in
  • Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad (Deemed University) - www.iiita.ac.in
  • Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi - www.cmfri.com
  • Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai - www.tiss.edu

DISCLAIMER: The contents of this website are for informational purposes only. Although due care is taken, the correctness and accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The science and medical research articles are for informational purposes only, aimed at kindling an interest in science. They are not intended to provide any kind of advice.